The occurrence of red, dry patches on the face can be attributed to environmental factors as well as internal issues that show this symptomatic expression. The outside factors that can often exacerbate this condition include:
- Seasonal changes
- Cold weather
- Excessive rubbing of the nose and cheeks
This makes these patches more common in colder weather, and the remedies that are often employed are ones that can calm the inflammation on the skin and also offer preventive measure by creating a barrier between the skin and the elements.
However, not all red dry patches on the face can be exclusively attributed to environmental factors. Individuals may be suffering from a specific skin condition that will respond to a different type of treatment. Since dry facial skin can be the result of an actual skin problem, it may be necessary to consult a physician, in order to determine the best course of treatment for the red dry skin.
The Basics of Dry Skin Care
Whether the red dry skin around nose and across facial regions is caused by changes in the environment or is the result of an underlying condition, the essential process of the loss of natural oils is still similar. When it comes to treating dry skin that is the result of weather, replenishing the vital oils of the skin can generate relief. Pure oils such as Vitamin E or even olive oil can provide relief and can also create a barrier against the elements.
It should be noted that an irritated dry patch may develop further concerns due to infections that can occur from scratching the areas. In these cases a topical antibiotic or anti-inflammatory should be utilized to combat the infection. It is highly recommended that any irritated skin that may have contracted an infection is examined by a physician. Further touching and scratching is also counterproductive to healing, and people with this type of irritation should refrain from undue contact with the areas.
Another point that should be borne in mind when treating red dry skin on the face is to avoid any creams that may continue to irritate the patches or that can cause damage to sensitive areas. This is particularly important if the regions in question are above the eye or around the mouth. Many over the counter creams contain ingredients such as alcohol which can be caustic to the mucus membranes, and are thus not recommended for these sensitive areas. The alcohol in such products can also be more irritating to the red dry skin.
Other Causes for Red Dry Skin
In many cases, the appearance of even seasonal red dry skin can have a more systemic cause. A number of common skin conditions can also make the facial areas more sensitive and result in the expression of symptoms such as rash around the neck or back of the neck and small raised red dry lumps. These can be the result of conditions such as
- Eczema – often seen as raised red areas that are accompanied by hives and excessive itching.
- Psoriasis – dry red patches that tend to crack and appear as though they scab over.
- Seborrheic Dermatitis – red irritation, accompanied by flaking skin, burning, and itching that is especially prevalent across the forehead, nose, and cheeks.
- Rosacea – most frequently expresses as small red raised lumps that spread across the eyelids and cheeks, to give the appearance of a red “mask”.
- Ringworm – dry red circular patches that can show up anywhere across the face or back of neck.
- Atopic Dermatitis – usually a spreading rash across the face, especially around the nose and under the mouth.
- Allergies – these can vary in appearance, from small red raised lumps to red patches that are inflamed and itchy.
These conditions may require specialty pharmacy treatments which can include oral antibiotic and medications that address the root cause of the symptoms of small red dry lumps and red spots.
Each of these different conditions does present differently, although the red patches across the face can lead to the assumption that it is simply irritated skin. Rosacea and atopic dermatitis are more frequently characterized by spots around the nose and the eye lids, while Psoriasis and ringworm may express as a dry red circular patch on the skin. This can make it especially important to consult a doctor in order to receive full treatment instead of just palliative care.
Special Concerns for Sore Red Dry Eye Lids
Any time that these rashes and irritations extend to sensitive areas of the face, such as the eye lids, special care should be taken. Mucus membranes can be especially predisposed to bacterial infections, which makes it very important to get the cause of dry skin around the eye examined and properly diagnosed. If the cause is allergies or ringworm, then it is possible to spread the infection into the eye, which may take further treatment. It is also important that any topicals that are employed around this area are also safe for ophthalmic use.
Red Dry Skin Treatment for Relief
Although an actual examination may be required to fully treat red dry patches on the face, most people can still find some relief for upper lip red dry skin, red dry skin around the nose, and underneath the mouth. Since environmental factors can be the main cause or an exacerbating cause, it may be vitally important to make sure that the skin is protected from these irritants.
- Protect the face with a cotton scarf or other barrier when going into the cold
- Use of Vitamin E oil can provide relief and a protection
- Avoid excessive touching of the red dry patches, as this can further irritate the condition
- Maintain hydration for the skin, both topically and by drinking sufficient water
Beyond these practices which can reduce outside factors that make dry red patches on the face worse, the use of a colloidal oatmeal paste can reduce inflammation and irritation, but should only be used three to five times a day. Overall, people who suffer from dry red patches on the face should be examined by a physician, in case a specialty pharmacy treatment is required.